Giacomo Albi, Dante Kalise
We study a multiscale approach for the control of agent-based, two-population models. The control variable acts over one population of leaders, which influence the population of followers via the coupling generated by their interaction. We cast a quadratic optimal control problem for the large-scale microscale model, which is approximated via a Boltzmann approach. By sampling solutions of the optimal control problem associated to binary two-population dynamics, we generate sub-optimal control laws for the kinetic limit of the multi-population model. We present numerical experiments related to opinion dynamics assessing the performance of the proposed control design.
Giacomo Albi, Young-Pil Choi, Axel-Stefan Haeck
We study a non-local hydrodynamic system with control. First we characterize the control dynamics as a sub-optimal approximation to the optimal control problem constrained to the evolution of the pressureless Euler alignment system. We then discuss the critical thresholds that leading to global regularity or finite-time blow-up of strong solutions in one and two dimensions. Finally we propose a finite volume scheme for numerical solutions of the controlled system. Several numerical simulations are shown to validate the theoretical and computational results of the paper.
Giacomo Albi, Lorenzo Pareschi, Mattia Zanella
We consider a constrained hierarchical opinion dynamics in the case of leaders’ competition and with complete information among leaders. Each leaders’ group tries to drive the followers’ opinion towards a desired state accordingly to a specific strategy. By using the Boltzmann-type control approach we analyze the best-reply strategy for each leaders’ population. Derivation of the corresponding Fokker-Planck model permits to investigate the asymptotic behaviour of the solution. Heterogeneous followers populations are then considered where the effect of knowledge impacts the leaders’ credibility and modifies the outcome of the leaders’ competition.
Giacomo Albi, Massimo Fornasier, and Dante Kalise
We study the synthesis of optimal control policies for large-scale multi-agent systems. The optimal control design induces a parsimonious control intervention by means of l-1, sparsity-promoting control penalizations. We study instantaneous and infinite horizon sparse optimal feedback controllers. In order to circumvent the dimensionality issues associated to the control of large-scale agent-based models, we follow a Boltzmann approach. We generate (sub)optimal controls signals for the kinetic limit of the multi-agent dynamics, by sampling of the optimal solution of the associated two-agent dynamics. Numerical experiments assess the performance of the proposed sparse design.
Giacomo Albi, Lorenzo Pareschi
In this paper the optimal control of alignment models composed by a large number of agents is investigated in presence of a selective action of the control. As a first step toward a reduction of computational cost, we introduce a model predictive control (MPC) approximation by deriving a numerical scheme with a feedback selective constrained dynamics. Next, in order to cope with the numerical solution of a large number of interacting agents, we introduce a binary interaction algorithm [http://arxiv.org/abs/1203.0721] which is able to simulate efficiently the selective constrained dynamics. Consistency of the algorithm is also shown in the context of standard kinetic theory. Finally, some numerical simulations are reported to show the efficiency of the proposed techniques.